Cabbage Rolls – A Family Recipe

These amazing cabbage rolls are a family recipe that has been on many generations. They are a complete meal and also great as part of a holiday meal for Christmas, Easter or Thanksgiving!

As with many Canadians, I was born in Canada, but I have a mixed ancestry. My dad’s side of the family is Ukrainian. I remember growing up and hearing grandparents, aunts and uncles speaking Ukrainian, although I knew nothing of what was being said. It is interesting how from generation to generation the retaining of cultural traditions seems to decrease. I do not speak Ukrainian and there is much of Ukrainian culture that is not part of my life. Truly, I am more Canadian than Ukrainian. If there is one aspect of ancestral cultures that seems to be the last to leave people, it is the food.

Families of Mexican, Indian, Chinese, Italian and Jamaican heritage will hold onto the food from back home for many generations. People from Ukraine are no different. I love big family holiday dinners. Perogies, kielbasa, cabbage rolls, mushroom gravy are some examples of great Ukrainian food that we would have at big family get togethers. Since I have started this food blog, I have had a strong desire to learn how to make these great dishes that bring back many memories. It is important for me to learn the actual family recipes that goes back generations.

Tall picture of a plate of cabbage rolls

A few weeks ago, my parents came up to visit. I used this opportunity to get my mom to teach me how to make cabbage rolls. This was the same recipe she learned from my dad’s mom, who learned from her mom and so on. In the end, it wasn’t that hard to make and the taste brought back so many memories! I cannot wait to teach my kids how to make these cabbage rolls to keep this family tradition going.

Step by step photos for how to make a cabbage roll.

How to make a cabbage roll

  • Instead of boiling the cabbage, we keep it in the freezer. Once thawed, it is easy to handle and actually stays together better than if it was boiled.
  • Cut the spine off the larger cabbage leaves. Place them on the bottom of a large baking pan.
  • Hold the cabbage leaf in your hand. Spoon some filling into the centre of the leaf (larger leaves can obviously hold more filling than smaller leaves).
  • Fold the bottom part of the leaf up over the stuffing and tuck it under the stuffing a little bit. Fold the right side of the leaf over toward the other. Roll the leaf and stuffing from bottom up.
  • With your finger, press the remaining part of the leaf into the cabbage roll.
  • It takes a bit of practice to make the cabbage rolls but once you get the hang of it, you can do it quite quickly.

How long to bake in the oven

Baking the cabbage rolls is the time when all the flavours come together. Pour the diced tomatoes on top of the cabbage rolls and pour some tomato juice on top. Bake in a 325F oven for 2 hours. I like to serve cabbage rolls with a dollop of sour cream.

A close up picture of a plate of cabbage rolls.

Other great recipes

Over the years, I have learned many different recipes that my mom made when I was a kid. Here are some of my favourites! 

Cabbage Rolls - A Family Recipe

A close up picture of a plate of cabbage rolls.
4 out of 5
3 reviews
Cabbage rolls are a classic dish for many Eastern European countries. This recipe is the version from my Ukrainian family. Made with ground beef and ground pork in the rice stuffing.
Prep Time: 1 hour
Cook Time: 3 hours
Total Time: 4 hours
Servings: 14 cabbage rolls (approx.)


  • 1 head of cabbage , frozen then thawed
  • 1 tbsp oil
  • 1/2 onion , minced
  • 4 strips bacon , minced
  • 2 garlic cloves , minced
  • 2 cups rice
  • 1 pound ground pork
  • 1/2 pound ground beef
  • 1 can tomato soup
  • 1 can diced tomatoes
  • 2-3 cups tomato juice
  • salt , pepper and/or other spices


  • Have the cabbage in the freezer for at least a week. To thaw, put the cabbage in the fridge for a couple days. On the day of making cabbage rolls, slowly peel one cabbage leaf off at a time. Cut/shave the large part of the spine off the one end of the leaf.
  • In a large saucepan, fry the bacon, onion and garlic until the onion is transparent and the bacon is starting to crisp up a bit.
  • In a separate pot, put the dry rice in plenty of boiling water. Cook for 8-10 minutes. Drain the rice and then rinse.
  • Put the rice back in the pot with bacon and onion mixture along with 1/2 cup water. Boil until the water evaporates.
  • Add the ground beef, ground pork and any seasonings to your preference, to the rice and cook at medium heat. Stir it constantly to ensure rice doesn't stick.
  • Stir in half the can of tomato soup and remove from the heat.
  • Make the cabbage rolls - Look at the pictures above with the details that show how to roll up the cabbage roll.
  • Lay the cabbage rolls in a baking tray. Pour the diced tomatoes over top of the cabbage rolls. Pour the tomato juice on top.
  • Bake at 325F for 2 hours.


Per serving:

Calories: 295kcalCarbohydrates: 29gProtein: 12gFat: 13gSaturated Fat: 4gCholesterol: 38mgSodium: 176mgFiber: 2gSugar: 5g

Nutrition Disclaimer


Did you try this recipe?

Leave a comment and let me know how it turned out. Or, take a picture to share on Instagram and tag me @theblackpeppercorn.

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  • MMMM.. Delish!! Love this dish… We always make this for Holidays..

  • Now that looks really good! I love cabbage rolls.

  • I’ve been anxious to see this recipe. The flavors sound so wonderful. Wish I had some for lunch today!

    • Thanks Cassie! I wish I had some for lunch as well! But unfortunately they are all gone.

  • I know these from growing up in Germany, too. They’re always a little heavy for me, so I like to reduce the rice and substitte more veggies, but your leaves turned out beautiful! 🙂

  • I love that food is often carried on through the generations even if other customs are not. My swedish family still makes kringle during the holidays and they LOVE them some pickled herring. Very cool that you have this recipe to carry on traditions!

    • totally agree maggie! I am so happy that I have it and can teach my kids. I have had other cabbage rolls other places and while good (even great), there is nothing like having the taste of home – the taste you remember.

  • Yum, I LOVE cabbage rolls! These look perfect.

  • I love cabbage rolls! My mom makes excellent steamed ones that just make me smile. I’m so glad that you learned the recipe from your mom and will be able to pass it down to your kids 🙂 Thanks for the freezing tip on the cabbage leaves; my mom boils them so, I’ll have to try your tip next time.

    • yes, freezing the cabbage is a great way to prepare the leaves. There is no change in the texture once they are baked. You would never know that they were not boiled.

      • Do you freeze them apart or the whole head? I’m doing this sunday I am so excited to use this new tip! How much easier!!

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        • I freeze it whole. I like to keep one frozen in the freezer for any time that I am in the mood to make some cabbage rolls

      • I tried freezing whole cabbage and then made cabbage rolls but the cabbage was sooooo tough you couldn’t cut it with a knife. I bought summer cabbage at local farm and it was nice fresh cabbage. I have made the cabbage rolls and froze them. They were a little tough but not as bad as freezing the head.
        So I’m not a fan of freezing the head of cabbage. Perhaps I did something wrong , could maybe have been frozen too long, would that make a difference?

        • Reply
  • Thanks for sharing this treasured recipe! My husband has been asking for this recently, so the post is very timely. I will need to try this version, that last picture is very tempting. Yum!

    • I love cabbage rolls and could have them far more often than I do. I also make a ‘lazy man’s’ cabbage roll casserole with everything chopping up together. Just thinking about that, I should make that again soon and throw that on the blog.

  • I think I’ve tried them once before in a Serbian house.
    Back in Greece we have a similar traditional recipe but the rolls are way smaller and with different stuffing and sauce..
    anyway, I love your version!

    • I know of stuffed grape leaves in Greek cuisine, but is there also stuffed cabbage leaves as well? What is in the stuffing?

  • I’ve never had pork in my cabbage rolls, but I bet it gives nice tenderness and flavor! These look excellent~

    • oh yes, pork in the cabbage rolls is amazing! Yes the stuffing is very tender.

  • I sent you a comment through Foodbuzz, too, Steve. I am totally blown away by this post. I grew up in a Slovak/Rusyn and Polish family in Pittsburgh. This is my kind of food. I love the frozen cabbage idea. They look just awesome. I posted this on my Facebook page tonight. You are already getting “likes.” Great job, and can you Fedex me a pot full of these?

    • Thank you so much for your comment! Is this recipe similar to what you grew up eating? Were you born in the U.S.? What other dishes did you guys eat a lot? I got a smoker this spring and have been making my own kielbasa – LOVE IT!! Thanks for stopping by.

      • I was born in the US. My birth name is Shalenko (it’s a Rusyn name). You know, Stalin supposedly took out much of the Rusyn population– which is probably why my paternal grandfather fled; the area was under Austria-Hungary back then, but I understand it is part of Ukraine now Both of my grandfathers were born overseas. And my great grandparents on my grandmothers sides (both of them) were born overseas. Dad’s dad came over during WWI. He was the only one in his family who came to the US. I do believe some of his brothers and sisters might have settled in Canada. My mother’s great grandfather escaped from a communist work camp in Siberia and made his way to the US. Most of the ethnic cooking was done by my paternal grandmother and my dad’s sisters growing up. Stuffed cabbage was big – and made with pork and beef – my grandmother also added Kraut to the sauce. We ate Kielbasa and these noodles that were much like dumplings. Also a dish that was much like Chicken Paprikash. Oh, and don’t forget the pierogi stuffed with potato and cheese — just swimming in putter and fried onions! Lots of pork roasts, too with kraut and cabbage.

          • Oh, and I meant to say it was the Austrian goverment at the time who went after the Rusyns prior to WWI. Stalin came much later;. Very interesting history none-the-less. My mom’s father said there were so many changes of leadership in the 12 years he lived over there that he was forced to speak about six different languages over the course. Here is an interesting link:

          • Not a history lesson…it’s about cooking…

        • wow – This was such an interesting read. I love to hear about people’s families, especially their ancestry and where they come from. Thanks for taking the time to share this. There was so much going on in those countries and regions during those times! Love to hear about the similarities we share in food we grew up with!!

  • and why have these never made an appearance at the SC meat extravaganza???

    • Reply
  • I love your Mom’s cabbage rolls. Thanks for sharing the recipe!

    • Reply
  • I love these cabbage rolls! I grew up with stuffed cabbage in a sweet and sour tomato sauce with raisins and finally found a recipe similar to it – which I futzed with until it was as close to my Grandmother’s as I could get. Loving the bacon in your filling – I think I need to try that 🙂

  • I love this – especially the part about keeping the cabbage in the freezer. I’ve always hated the boiling and peeling off the leaves bit LOL

  • Just found this on Pinterest and was shocked to find out about the freezing of the cabbage! The boiling and peeling off the leaves is such a messy part of this recipe. I have been married for over 53 years and have taugh my boys to make stuffed cabbage. Can’t wait to try the frozen cabbage. When I make them, I use 2 heads of cabbage; 2 lbs total beef & pork; a large can of sauerkraut,rinsed & layered between rows of rolls; & only Campbell’s tomatoe soup,at least 8 cans + 4 cans water.

    • I only use cambells soup as well but for one pan I use extra spicy Clamato or reg. mix the two together.

      • Reply
  • I have been making cabbage rolls for many years and have always boiled the cabbage. The next time I make them I am definitely going to freeze the cabbage…

    • Reply
  • I have been interested in the recipe, but also interested in all the comments here. I am not of Ukrainian origin, though I am Canadian. I have lived all my adult in UK, having married an Englishman. I grew up on farm in Saskatchewan. I would urge anyone, whether of Ukrainian origin or not, to check out the Ukrainian Museum in Saskatoon. It is very interesting and tells of the struggle of Ukrainians to settle the land in Canada.

    • Reply
  • This is much like my mother’s recipe with the only diffyis instead of bacon she would dice salt pork and fry it up and she cooked her rice in tomato juice which gave the rice more flavour.

    • Reply
  • Sounds a lot like my mom’s recipe but she cooks the rice in tomato juice and not water. Makes the cabbage rolls tastier. Also cooks up diced salt pork which is added to the mixture for added flavour.

    • Reply
  • Hi Steve,
    My back ground is Polish / Ukrainian my folks came from the Lvov Region of Ukraine and were taken to Germany during the war to work
    on Farms, after the war they were at a displaced persons camp near Danish border, We emigrated to Australia and years later 1968 I went
    to New Zealand met my wife, married and stayed.
    Growing up my Mother bless her introduced us to all the beautiful varieties of Ukrainian food and had these Holubsi or Cabbage rolls often
    and my absolute favourite is Pierohi/Perogi though I do my own version which has mashed potatoes, fried Saurkraut, fried Bacon pieces and
    fried Onions all mixed together, they are divine.
    Bach to the rolls we steamed them and did the tomato thing also sprinkled sugar on them and my favourite way was fried in butter. All that
    frying you would think I’m a blimp but no all in proportion.
    Love your blog.
    P.S. Is there anywhere in Canada that you can buy a folding gadget to seal Pirohi/Pierogi, all I can get in New Zealand is those horrible
    plastic dumpling folders. Any help appreciated. Cheers Richard

    • Reply
  • I will try freezing my cabbage this time. Do you cover your pan when you are baking them?

    • Reply
    • Yes, I do cover the pan when I am baking the cabbage rolls. I hope freezing the cabbage works well for you. I find it so much easier to roll the cabbages this way.

  • I don’t know if anyone has pointed out a typo to you as of yet – but in the Instructions in number four you
    “ Put the rice back in the pot with bacon and onion mixture along with 1/2 cup water. Boil until the rice evaporates.”
    Should it not say “Boil until the WATER evaporates.

    • Reply

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